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Rare Names from Greek Mythology and Roman Mythology

[ A to D]

The Names below are listed alphabetically. The names in Parenthesis indicate the Roman Equivalent of the Name. Some of the names are exclusively Roman. Words in Bold indicate Cross References to other names which can be clicked for more information. 
  • Acheron: One of several Rivers of Underworld.
  • Achilles: Greek warrior; slew Hector at Troy; slain by Paris, who wounded him in his vulnerable heel.
  • Actaeon: Hunter; surprised Artemis bathing; changed by her to stag; and killed by his dogs.
  • Admetus: King of Thessaly; his wife, Alcestis, offered to die in his place.
  • Adonis: Beautiful youth loved by Aphrodite.
  • Aeacus: One of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus.
  • AeŰtes: King of Colchis; father of Medea; keeper of Golden Fleece.
  • Aegeus: Father of Theseus; believing Theseus killed in Crete, he drowned himself; Aegean Sea named for him.
  • Aegisthus: Son of Thyestes; slew Atreus; with Clytemnestra, his paramour, slew Agamemnon; slain by Orestes.
  • Aegyptus: Brother of Danaus; his sons, except Lynceus, slain by Danaides.
  • Aeneas: Trojan; son of Anchises and Aphrodite; after fall of Troy, led his followers eventually to Italy; loved and deserted Dido.
  • Aeolus: One of several Winds
  • Aesculapius: See Asclepius.
  • Aeson: King of Ioclus; father of Jason; overthrown by his brother Pelias; restored to youth by Medea.
  • Aether: Personification of sky.
  • Aethra: Mother of Theseus.
  • Agamemnon: King of Mycenae; son of Atreus; brother of Menelaus; leader of Greeks against Troy; slain on his return home by Clytemnestra and Aegisthus.
  • Aglaia: One of several Graces.
  • Ajax: Greek warrior; killed himself at Troy because Achilles's armor was awarded to Odysseus.
  • Alcestis: Wife of Admetus; offered to die in his place but saved from death by Hercules.
  • Alcmene: Wife of Amphitryon; mother by Zeus of Hercules.
  • Alcyone: One of several Pleiades.
  • Alecto: One of several Furies.
  • Alectryon: Youth changed by Ares into cock.
  • Alethia: Greek Name meaning Wisdom
  • Alexis: Greek Warrior and Poet
  • Althaea: Wife of Oeneus; mother of Meleager.
  • Amazons: Female warriors in Asia Minor; supported Troy against Greeks.
  • Amor: The Roman Equivalent of Eros.
  • Amphion: Musician; husband of Niobe; charmed stones to build fortifications for Thebes.
  • Amphitrite: Sea goddess; wife of Poseidon.
  • Amphitryon: Husband of Alcmene.
  • Anchises: Father of Aeneas.
  • Ancile: Sacred shield that fell from heavens; palladium of Rome.
  • Andra: A Greek Name meaning Strong and Courageous.
  • Andraemon: Husband of Dryope.
  • Andromache: Wife of Hector.
  • Andromeda: Daughter of Cepheus; chained to cliff for monster to devour; rescued by Perseus.
  • Anteia: Wife of Proetus; tried to induce Bellerophon to elope with her.
  • Anteros: God who avenged unrequited love.
  • Antigone: Daughter of Oedipus; accompanied him to Colonus; performed burial rite for Polynices and hanged herself.
  • AntinoŘs: Leader of suitors of Penelope; slain by Odysseus.
  • Aphrodite (Venus): Goddess of love and beauty; daughter of Zeus and Dione; mother of Eros.
  • Apollo: God of beauty, poetry, music; later identified with Helios as Phoebus Apollo; son of Zeus and Leto.
  • Aquilo: One of several Winds.
  • Arachne: Maiden who challenged Athena to weaving contest; changed to spider.
  • Ares (Mars): God of war; son of Zeus and Hera.
  • Argo: Ship in which Jason and followers sailed to Colchis for Golden Fleece.
  • Argus: Monster with hundred eyes; slain by Hermes; his eyes placed by Hera into peacock's tail.
  • Ariadne: Daughter of Minos; aided Theseus in slaying Minotaur; deserted by him on island of Naxos and married to Dionysus.
  • Arion: Musician; thrown overboard by pirates but saved by dolphin.
  • Artemis (Diana): Goddess of moon; huntress; twin sister of Apollo.
  • Asclepius (Aesculapius): Mortal son of Apollo; slain by Zeus for raising dead; later deified as god of medicine. Also known as Asklepios.
  • Astarte: Phoenician goddess of love; variously identified with Aphrodite, Selene, and Artemis.
  • Asterope: The Roman Equivalent of Sterope.
  • Astraea: Goddess of Justice; daughter of Zeus and Themis.
  • Atalanta: Princess who challenged her suitors to a foot race; Hippomenes won race and married her.
  • Athena (Minerva): Goddess of wisdom; known poetically as Pallas Athene; sprang fully armed from head of Zeus.
  • Atlas: Titan; held world on his shoulders as punishment for warring against Zeus; son of Iapetus.
  • Atreus: King of Mycenae; father of Menelaus and Agamemnon; brother of Thyestes, three of whose sons he slew and served to him at banquet; slain by Aegisthus.
  • Atropos: One of several Fates.
  • Aurora: Roman Equivalent of Eos.
  • Auster: One of several Winds.
  • Avernus: Infernal regions; name derived from small vaporous lake near Vesuvius which was fabled to kill birds and vegetation.
  • Bacchus: Roman Equivalent of Dionysus.
  • Bellerophon: Corinthian hero; killed Chimera with aid of Pegasus; tried to reach Olympus on Pegasus and was thrown to his death.
  • Bellona: Roman goddess of war.
  • Boreas: One of several Winds.
  • Briareus: Monster of hundred hands; son of Uranus and Gaea.
  • Briseis: Captive maiden given to Achilles; taken by Agamemnon in exchange for loss of Chryseis, which caused Achilles to cease fighting, until death of Patroclus.
  • Cadmus: Brother of Europa; planter of dragon seeds from which first Thebans sprang.
  • Calliope: One of several Muses.
  • Calypso: Sea nymph; kept Odysseus on her island Ogygia for seven years.
  • Cassandra: Daughter of Priam; prophetess who was never believed; slain with Agamemnon.
  • Castalia: In Greek Mythology the most powerful Oracle was the oracle of Delphi.
    People would come from all around with question, seeking answers. The
    oracle's source of inspiration sprang fourth from a fountain and the fountain
    was called Castalia.
  • Castor: One of Dioscuri.
  • Celaeno: One of several Pleiades.
  • Centaurs: Beings half man and half horse; lived in mountains of Thessaly.
  • Cephalus: Hunter; accidentally killed his wife Procris with his spear.
  • Cepheus: King of Ethiopia; father of Andromeda.
  • Cerberus: Three-headed dog guarding entrance to Hades.
  • Ceres: Roman Equivalent of Demeter. Goddess of Harvest
  • Chaos: Formless void; personified as first of gods.
  • Charon: Boatman on Styx who carried souls of dead to Hades; son of Erebus.
  • Charybdis: Female monster; personification of whirlpool.
  • Chimera: Female monster with head of lion, body of goat, tail of serpent; killed by Bellerophon.
  • Chiron: Most famous of centaurs.
  • Chronos: Personification of time.
  • Chryseis: Captive maiden given to Agamemnon; his refusal to accept ransom from her father Chryses caused Apollo to send plague on Greeks besieging Troy.
  • Circe: Sorceress; daughter of Helios; changed Odysseus's men into swine.
  • Clio: One of several Muses.
  • Clotho: One of several Fates.
  • Clytemnestra: Wife of Agamemnon, whom she slew with aid of her paramour, Aegisthus; slain by her son Orestes.
  • Cocytus: One of several Rivers of Underworld.
  • Creon: Father of Jocasta; forbade burial of Polynices; ordered burial alive of Antigone.
  • CreŘsa: Princess of Corinth, for whom Jason deserted Medea; slain by Medea, who sent her poisoned robe; also known as GlaŘke.
  • Creusa: Wife of Aeneas; died fleeing Troy.
  • Cronus (Saturn): Titan; god of harvests; son of Uranus and Gaea; dethroned by his son Zeus.
  • Cupid: Roman Equivalent of Eros.
  • Cybele: Anatolian nature goddess; adopted by Greeks and identified with Rhea.
  • Cyclopes: Race of one-eyed giants (singular: Cyclops).
  • Daedalus: Athenian artificer; father of Icarus; builder of Labyrinth in Crete; devised wings attached with wax for him and Icarus to escape Crete.
  • Danae: Princess of Argos; mother of Perseus by Zeus, who appeared to her in form of golden shower.
  • Dana´des: Daughters of DanaŘs; at his command, all except Hypermnestra slew their husbands, the sons of Aegyptus.
  • DanaŘs: Brother of Aegyptus; father of Dana´des; slain by Lynceus.
  • Daphne: Nymph; pursued by Apollo; changed to laurel tree.
  • Decuma: One of several Fates.
  • Deino: One of several Graeae.
  • Demeter (Ceres): Goddess of agriculture; mother of Persephone.
  • Diana: Roman Equivalent of Artemis.
  • Dido: Founder and queen of Carthage; stabbed herself when deserted by Aeneas.
  • Diomedes: Greek hero; with Odysseus, entered Troy and carried off Palladium, sacred statue of Athena.
  • Diomedes: Owner of man-eating horses, which Hercules, as ninth labor, carried off.
  • Dione: Titan goddess; mother by Zeus of Aphrodite.
  • Dionysus (Bacchus): God of wine; son of Zeus and Semele.
  • Dioscuri: Twins Castor and Pollux; sons of Leda by Zeus.
  • Dis: Roman Equivalent of Pluto.
  • Dryads: Wood nymphs.
  • Dryope: Maiden changed to Hamadryad.
 

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A  Portion of Mythological Greek and Roman Names is an Extract from Kids Almanac on Infoplease

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